Women, Trauma, and PTSD
Trauma is common in women - five out of ten women experience a traumatic event. Women tend to experience different traumas than men. While both men and women report the same symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), some symptoms are more common for women or men.
Help is Available
Ventura County Crisis Team:
(24 hours a day, 7 days a week)
Emergency: Call 911
Interface Children & Family Services
- Family Violence Response Team
- Safe Haven Emergency Shelter
- Safe Journey Transitional Shelter
- Women’s Support Group
2-1-1 Ventura County Information & Referral
Project Connecting with my Peers:
Educating women about the early signs of depression
Oxnard: (805) 483-1166
Santa Paula / Fillmore:
Clinicas del Camino Real
Oxnard, Santa Paula, Simi Valley, Thousand Oaks, Ventura
The Coalition for Family Harmony
24-Hour Bilingual Hotline:
The National Domestic Violence Hotline
Call 1-800-799-7233, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
Anonymous & confidential
HISTORYMost early information on trauma and PTSD came from studies of male veterans mostly Vietnam veterans. Researchers began to study the effects of sexual assault and found that women's reactions were similar to male combat veterans. Women's experiences of trauma can also cause PTSD. This finding led to more research on women's exposure to trauma and PTSD.
RISK OF EXPERIENCING TRAUMAFindings from a large national mental health study show that a little more than half of all women will experience at least one traumatic event in their life. Women are slightly less likely to experience trauma than men. The most common trauma for women is sexual assault or child sexual abuse. About 1 in 3 women will experience a sexual assault in their lifetime. Rates of sexual assault are higher for women than men. Women are also more likely to be neglected or abused in childhood, to experience domestic violence, or to have a loved one suddenly die.
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER TRAUMAAfter a trauma, some women may feel depressed, start drinking or using drugs, or develop PTSD. Women are more than twice as likely to develop PTSD than men (10% for women and 4% for men). There are a few reasons women might get PTSD more than men:
- Women are more likely to experience sexual assault.
- Sexual assault is more likely to cause PTSD than many other events.
- Women may be more likely to blame themselves for trauma experiences than men.
WHY ARE SOME WOMEN AT HIGHER RISK FOR PTSD?
Not all women who experience a traumatic event develop PTSD. Women are more likely to develop PTSD if they:
- Have a past mental health problem (e.g., depression or anxiety)
- Experienced a very severe or life-threatening trauma
- Were sexually assaulted
- Were injured during the event
- Had a severe reaction at the time of the event
- Experienced other stressful events afterwards
- Do not have good social support
WHAT PTSD IS LIKE FOR WOMEN
Some PTSD symptoms are more common in women than men. Women are more likely to be jumpy, to have more trouble feeling emotions, and to avoid things that remind them of the trauma than men. Men are more likely to feel angry and to have trouble controlling their anger then women. Women may take longer to recover from PTSD and are four times more likely than men to have long-lasting PTSD. Women with PTSD also are more likely to feel depressed and anxious, while men with PTSD are more likely to have problems with alcohol or drugs. Both women and men who experience PTSD may develop physical health problems.
TREATMENT FOR PTSD
There are good treatments for PTSD. However, not everyone who experiences a trauma seeks treatment. Women may be more likely than men to seek help after a traumatic event. At least one study found that women respond to treatment as well as or better than men. This may be because women are generally more comfortable sharing feelings and talking about personal things with others than men.
Source: The National Center for PTSD